Ratios and statistics

    2010 2011 Restated*
2012
Restated*
2013
2014
SHARE PERFORMANCE            
Number of ordinary shares (net of treasury shares) millions 171.0 171.6 172.3 172.4 172.8
Headline earnings per share cents 543.7 564.6 623.9 694.8 781.8
Dividends per share cents 362.0 377.0 430.0 485.0 540.0
Dividend cover multiple 1.50 1.50 1.45 1.45 1.45
Net asset value per share cents 1 278.8 1 450.5 1 643.6 1 842.2 1 751.1
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME INFORMATION            
Gross margin % 7.9 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.3
Operating profit margin % 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4
Headline earnings Rmillion 928.9 968.0 1 073.0 1 197.7 1 351.3
SOLVENCY AND LIQUIDITY            
Return on equity % 44.4 40.7 39.8 39.6 43.4
Return on net assets % 55.2 56.4 53.4 51.8 61.7
EMPLOYEE STATISTICS            
Number of employees at year-end   2 698 3 816 3 904 3 886 4 025
STOCK EXCHANGE STATISTICS            
Market price per share            
– at year-end cents 9 290 9 629 12 800 12 120 12 558
– highest cents 9 293 10 448 13 091 13 335 13 632
– lowest cents 6 300 8 200 9 283 10 750 11 089
Number of share transactions   127 113 183 725 188 043 225 437 228 064
Number of shares traded millions 125.2 144.7 112.7 129.4 104.5
Number of shares traded as a percentage of total issued shares % 73.2 84.6 65.5 75.1 60.4
Value of shares traded Rmillion 9 181 13 808 12 651 15 159.7 12 998.2
Earnings yield at year-end % 5.9 6.1 4.9 5.7 6.2
Dividend yield at year-end % 3.9 3.9 3.4 4.0 4.3
Price earnings ratio at year-end multiple 17.1 17.3 20.5 17.4 16.1
Market capitalisation at year-end net of treasury shares Rmillion 15 889 16 327 22 057 20 899 21 707.9
Market capitalisation to shareholders’ equity at year-end multiple 8.3 6.6 7.8 6.6 7.2
* Restated for the effect of IAS 19, refer note 21.